Electric fencing is an extremely helpful fencing system for many farmers and is capable of handling many different jobs. It can make an outstanding fencing choice for horses, livestock, sheep, goats and chickens, plus it can be a safe fencing service while still being relatively easy– and affordable– to set up. Properly operating electric fencing can be effective in discouraging predators and can even be a tool for keeping animals out of your garden. In addition, a hair or 2 of electric fence wire can constantly be used increase the effectiveness of other kinds of fencing.
Electric fencing is available in a variety of styles and installation setups to fulfill these varying jobs, but no matter what kind of electric fencing you use, proper maintenance is crucial to keeping your fence working correctly and keeping your animals (or plants) safe. Let’s look at a couple of things you need to know to keep a well-kept electric fence.
Electric Fence Basics
It’s essential to be acquainted with the essentials of how an electric fence runs. It’s basically simply a simple circuit. One terminal of the fence battery charger– the “fence” or “favorable” terminal– is linked to the fencing, whether it be wire, rope or netting, and so on. The other terminal– the “ground” or “negative” terminal– is linked to metal grounding rods that are positioned deep into the soil, offering all of the ground in the fence’s area an unfavorable charge.
At this point, the circuit is not finished since the fence wires and the ground are not touching each other. To finish the circuit and receive the desired electric shock, it’s necessary for an animal to be touching both the ground and the fence at the very same time. (This is why birds can rest on electric fence wires without receiving a shock– they aren’t touching the ground and, therefore, aren’t completing the circuit.) This is the standard concept behind all electric fences, and the majority of the upkeep that a fence needs involves this idea.
Routine Volt Checks
The best thing you can do to keep your fence running appropriately, specifically if the animals have actually appeared to have actually lost respect for the fence, is walk around it regularly and check numerous points and lines with your voltage tester. Are you getting a good charge in all places? Is each line working? If not, you’ll need to investigate why. Is the fence being shorted out somehow, possibly from a damaged insulator or wire? Check the fence till you discover the reason. Do you get excellent voltage near to the charger, however less at the back of the pasture? If so, you might need to install extra grounding rods. Periodic checks like this can conserve you time and problems later on.
For areas that get snow, winter season can be a challenging time to keep your electric fence running appropriately. Off, your grounding will end up being weaker. This is caused by two reasons: one, due to the fact that frozen ground is not nearly as reliable at carrying out electrical power as warmer ground which contains liquid water. The other reason is that snow accumulation on the ground– specifically in animal paddocks where the snow may get packed down and become deep and company– serves as a layer of insulation between the animal’s feet and the ground, causing a loss of conductivity.
To correct this, you might need to turn among your fence wires into a “ground line.” With this technique, you connect one hair of electric fencing, typically near the middle of the fence, to the ground terminal rather of the fence terminal, efficiently changing it from a favorable line to an unfavorable line. The concept here is that if an animal attempts to lean on or push through a fence, they will likely touch both a favorable and unfavorable line at the exact same time and get a shock this way, no matter how well the fence is grounded.
Another issue you can deal with in winter season is sagging fence lines reduced by the weight of snow or ice that sticks to the wires. Watch on your fence and tighten up as needed.
If you use a photovoltaic panel to supply your fence with electrical power, it’s critical to make certain that it receives as much sunlight as possible. Keep the panel free of snow or dust, and tilt it towards the sun as the seasons development– point it higher towards the sky in the summertime, lower towards the south in the winter season. And if you find your solar setup just isn’t strong enough for the size of your pasture, think about changing to a plug-in battery charger.
For more information on how to maintain your electric fence, please visit this website.